Confinement et risques d’inégalités femmes-hommes

30 mars 2020 par Mathieu Arbogast
Le confinement est un facteur de risques, notamment pour l’inégale répartition des tâches domestiques et parentales, et aussi dans certains cas un facteur de violences. Voici quelques ressources utiles

Depuis le début du confinement, des témoignages et des organismes alertent sur les risques qui pèsent plus particulièrement sur les femmes, concernant notamment la répartition des tâches domestiques ou parentales, voire des risques plus graves.

Une crainte partagée : Le Monde du 25 mars 2020, voir aussi la synthèse de Marie Sonnette (MCF), l’analyse de la professeure de droit public Stéphanie Hennette-Vauchez, et ce podcast d’une chercheuse du CNRS.

En sciences :
2021 : Nouvelles preuves de l’impact plus grave du covid pour les chercheuses que pour les chercheurs, dans un article du 20 octobre 2021, qui vont dans le sens de cette analyse longitudinale.
2020: On observerait que les femmes soumettent moins de publications depuis le confinement alors que les hommes en soumettraient plus, selon de premières indications, confirmées depuis par les données. Une chercheuse suggère dans Nature que le confinement va révéler un « mur maternel » qui ralentit la carrière des femmes. au fil des semaines le nombre de domaines où le même constat est réalisé s’agrandit, notamment en biologie, ou dans un ensemble plus vaste incluant les sciences de la terre comme les sciences sociales.

UN Women brief : Covid-19 and ending violence against women and girls.

La répartition des tâches dans le foyer

évaluer son niveau de stress

  • L’Inserm rapporte les effets potentiellement délétères du confinement.
  • L’échelle de stress perçu de Cohen (1983) ou PSS10 est la plus couramment utilisée par les professionnels de santé Vous pouvez l’utiliser pour évaluer votre niveau de stress actuel. N’hésitez pas à consulter votre médecin le cas échéant. Le score maximal est de 50.N’oubliez pas non plus que le stress est un facteur de violences, évaluer le niveau de stress est aussi un signal d’alerte (votre stress ou celui du partenaire).
    • : une enquête sur l’impact du confinement

      Violences au domicile

      Durant le confinement, tous les services d’aide restent disponibles (parfois à des horaires plus restreints que d’ordinaire)

      Faire l’école à ses enfants pendant le confinement ?

      Les conseils rassurants d’un directeur d’école (en anglais) :

      “Message from Mr. Hellett Headteacher at Sacred Heart School, Hastings Dear Parents and Carers, Lots of people are feeling stressed, overwhelmed and under pressure by everything that’s happening. This includes the work being sent home for your child. I wanted to just give my perspective on it all as a Headteacher and I hope this can help with that somewhat.

      A few points to note first : 1) This is not homeschooling. This is an unprecedented emergency situation impacting on the whole world. Let’s keep perspective. Homeschooling is a choice, where you considered, you plan for it and you are your child’s school teacher in whatever form you choose. This is, at best, distance learning. In reality, it’s everyone trying to separate their bums from their elbows, because none of us know what we’re doing and what’s right and wrong here.

      2) You are, and always have been, your child’s primary educator. If you decide that your child isn’t going to engage with anything sent home and is going to spend the entire period playing in the dirt, or baking, or watching TV, then that is your choice. That is your right. There is nothing to stress or feel guilty about.

      3) Schools don’t know what they’re doing either. They had no notice, no preparation time and we were NOT told to ’continue to plan lessons as normal and just send them home’ – that’s NOT possible. If it were, we’d all be out of a job !

      4) It is absolutely not possible to facilitate distance learning with a primary aged child and work from home at the same time. The very idea is nonsense. If you’re trying to do that, stop now. You can certainly have activities where your child learns, but your focus is your job, and survival. Again, unprecedented. Stop trying to be superheroes.

      So, a few FAQs : ⭐️ My school has sent home lots of physical work. Pages and pages, hours and hours. How am I supposed to get through it all ?! You’re not, don’t try. Your child’s teacher spent a couple of hours in utter panic gathering things to send home so they could say they did their best and there wasn’t a lot of complaints that enough didn’t go home. It’s not a competition, or a race, it’s unlikely the teacher will even manage to look at it all. ⭐️ My school keeps sending home links and emails with more work. How do I make it stop ? Ahhhhhh ! See above. These are suggestions and ideas because the school is worried they’re not offering enough. Use them if they suit you, don’t if they don’t suit. If you’re getting stressed, stop opening the emails. No one will know ! ⭐️ Someone in my child’s class has everything done and we’ve barely started. Will they fall behind ? Even if everything were equal in terms of support, time and number of children (which it’s not) all children learn at different rates. In the class there’s a wide range of levels in all subjects, there’s different paces and there are many children working on differentiated levels of work. It’s almost impossible for teachers to differentiate at the moment, so you don’t have to do it either. Your child will not fall behind. This is all revision and reminder work. If children could all learn new concepts without specific teaching, we wouldn’t need teachers. They will cover all of this again, multiple times. ⭐️ I’m not doing any work with my kids. All they’re doing is building Lego, cooking and playing outside. All of this is learning -very valuable learning. Give yourself and them a break.

      ⭐️ How can I get three different lots of work done with 3 different kids of different ages ? You can’t, stop trying. If they’re old enough, try to get them to do little bits independently. Otherwise try to do something they can all engage with, reading a story together, some free writing, baking etc.

      ⭐️ So what’s the bare minimum you’d expect ? For me, survival mode. I won’t pretend that may be true of all teachers, but you know what ?, if they can’t have perspective in a time like this then I wouldn’t overly worry about their opinion anyway.

      My ideal for the children in our school ? 💡 A bit of reading every day (independent or to them or via audiobook etc) 💡 Some free writing now and then. If they’ll keep a diary or something, great. If not, would they draw a comic ? 💡 Practical hands on maths. Be that via cooking, cleaning, outside or some maths games, physical or digital. 💡 Some fine motor work. Lego, cutting, playdough, tidying up small toys. 💡 Physical exercise everyday 💡 Some art/music where possible through the week. Doesn’t need to be guided. 💡 Stretch goal, if old enough getting them to independently work on a project is great for keeping brains ticking over. Get them researching in a book or online and putting together something to present to you or family. 💡 If younger, lots of imaginative free play, the more independent the better. You are doing enough. You are loving your kids and supporting them through a difficult time. Look after yourself. Minimising stress is absolutely vital in a time like this for mental health. Don’t let this be something that stresses you. Only you can control that by accepting it is in your circle of control, you are the primary educator and this is all your call. »



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